The Pediatrics Center: All You Need to Know About Pediatric Pneumonia
Pneumonia is the infection of the lungs that can be extremely dangerous among children, so immediate medical intervention is needed to help in reducing the morbidity and mortality rate associated with the disease. When it comes to the different types of virus that cause pneumonia, they include parainfluenza, influenza virus, adenovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus. Bacterial infections can also cause pneumonia. The virus or bacteria can be spread from one person to another through direct contact with the mucus or saliva of the infected person and via coughing. Many parents still believe that pneumonia can be contracted when the child is exposed to cool air temperature, improper or the back soaked with sweat, because the fact is that pneumonia commonly occurs during fall, winter, and early spring when children spend more time indoors having closer contact with other people.
When it comes to the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, they include fever, coughing, fast and labored breathing, sweating, chills, wheezing, widening of the nostrils, and bluish tint of the lips or nails. The diagnostic procedure for determining the extent of lung infection is chest x-ray. Coughing is necessary so your child can clear his lungs for excessive secretions so avoid giving your child over-the-counter cough suppressants such as dextromethorpan or codeine, and viral infection does not need any specific treatment other than fever control and rest. Your pediatrician will prescribe antibiotics that should be taken for the full prescribed course and the right dosage. You need to have your child checked by a trusted and experienced pediatrician such as one in Summit Pediatrics NJ at The Pediatric Center as soon as you are suspecting pneumonia.
If your child shows fever lasting for more than a few days despite antibiotics intake, breathing difficulties, or evidence of other body part infection (swollen joints, neck stiffness, bone pain, and vomiting), you have to check back with the pediatrician immediately. As the popular saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is better an ounce of cure.”, so have your child vaccinated against pneumococcal infections. This vaccine is usually given at four, six, and twelve to fifteen months. For children at high risk of developing invasive pneumococcal infection such as those with sickle cell anemia, heart disease, lung disease, kidney failure, organ transplant, or HIV, they need pneumococcal polysaccharide or PPV23 from 24 to 29 months of age.
Learn more about pediatric health by checking the website of the Pediatric Center, and get to know the best pediatricians in New Jersey today. Contact us now for more details! Let us all work together to keep our children safe and healthy, so if you suspect pediatric pneumonia, better consult a pediatrician promptly before it is too late. Always remember that The Pediatric Center is always ready to help parents like you.